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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Kis-Sárrét
Kis-Sárrét
 

The Kis-sárrét, which is one of the most diversified and most precious areas of the Körös-Maros National Park, is located on the area bordered by villages Biharugra, Geszt, Körösnagyharsány, Mezőgyán and Zsadány, and its area is 7991 hectares. The subsistent ancient patches of marshlands and the fishpond system constructed on the place of the wild waters preserve the characteristic flora and fauna of the ancient countryside. The most valuable habitats of the region of 2791 hectares are registered in the list of the internationally most significant wetlands, and 1424 hectares are highly protected.In the formation of the present landscape the fishpond construction, started at the beginning of the 20th century around the village Biharugra, resulted in considerable changes. The fishpond system of Biharugra with its 2000 hectares water surface is the second biggest fishpond system of the country. The most significant value of the pond system is its avifauna. Besides its substantial role in the bird migration, the population of precious nesting birds is increasing. Among the nesting species of birds, besides the grey leg goose, great white egret and vörös gém, the population of cigányréce is notable on worldwide level as well. In the neighbourhood of the ponds, the Ugrai and Sző meadows are the last two remainders of the marshlands of Sárrét that have been preserved in good condition. The two ancient patches are extremely precious with the surrounding hayfields and grazelands. In the marshlands and their edges lots of protected plants have very good life conditions, among them the pompás orchid, the hússzínű ujjaskosbor, the örménygyökér and the réti iszalag. In the impassable reed-bed of the Ugrai meadow, the spoonbills nest and brood from year to year. The great white egret, the gaper and the vörös gém also nest regularly. The weather-fish often occurs in the marshes. Among the invertebrate species there are a lot of very rare species living only in the swampy habitats. The Vátyon forests following the meandering creek Korhány offer home to many protected species as well. The vast meadows and grazelands wedged in between the gallery forests are outstanding areas of the National Park. Among the plants of these sites one can encounter thinning populations of rare plant species, as there are areas wide range character from the periodical stagnant waters to the dry loess meadows. The main botanical value of this region is the green-winged orchid blooming myriads of which make these meadows unforgettable.In the southern part of this area unit there are vast grazelands. On the sodic grasslands of Dél-Bihari deserts and especially on the higher areas there is a flora of loess meadows. One of the most beautiful populations of protected öldöklő cirsium lives here. On the Mezőgyán meadow there is a plant community of sodic woody meadows. In the end of May thousands of bluish flowers of fátyolos nőszirom offer an unforgettable experience. Surrounded by the versatile vegetation of desert a lot of precious bird species find good conditions for nesting and feeding. The bustard, the meadow horned owl and the harrier nest here.

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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