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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Bélmegyer Woody Grassland
Bélmegyer Woody Grassland
 

The Bélmegyer woody grassland is one of the biggest representatives of alkali oak woods and woody grasslands in Hungary with its 644 hectares on the eastern border of Kis-Sárrét. The river regulations of the 19th century (Sebes-Körös, Nagy-Körös) and after them the surface drainage resulted in serious change of the Bélmegyer region as well. As an influence of these changes the surface and undersurface sodification processes became more intensive. The woody grassland recalls the view of the ancient woody steppes with its several hundred years old solitary oaks and old wild pear trees. The alkali grassland is used as a grazeland. On the clearings of woods and the grazelands several precious communities of meadows of alkali forests survived. The most valuable species of these communities are the Peucedanum officinale and the eye-spotted meadow aster. The Peucedanum officinale is the rare endangered plant of alkaline steppes, alkali clearings of forests and meadows. It is the food plant for the butterfly species big Fisher's estuarine moth, which has a considerable population in the region. The eye-spotted aster is fond of limy soil and it is a salt tolerant species. It grows on alkali steppe meadows, deserts and alkali clearings of woods. Its purple flowers decorate the meadows from July to September.Other botanical values of the region are the Iris puria and the alkali dock that was put on the list of protected plants a little while ago. The dock was discovered in the 1870s in this region by the famous botanist, Vince Borbás.The heronshaw, which has been functioning for decades, and the rare raptors living in the surrounding forests, are outstanding ornithological values of the region. In the heronshaw nest mostly herons, and among the raptors, the black kite also nests here regularly. From among the highly protected birds, the bee-eater, the little owl and the barn owl nest in the region regularly. Thanks to the old trees and the patches of woods, the area preserves a rich insect population with very rare insect species. The stag-beetles, the population of which is thinning nowadays, are met frequently in this region.

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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