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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Kígyósi plain
Kígyósi plain
 

One of the oldest nature conservation areas and most beautiful territories of the National Park is situated to the south from town Szabadkígyós and include the Nagyerdő (Big Forest), Kígyós and Apáti pastures as well as the so-called Nagygyöp that is the name of the alkali and loess meadows located on the area where in the ancient times the filled branches of the erstwhile Ancient Maros river were meandering. These plains are the habitats of rare plant and animal species of plains. After the enlargement the nature conservation area has been 4779 hectares, 739 hectares of which are highly protected. The present landscape was formed by the decrease of ground water level after the river regulations and as a result by the secondary alkalisation. The uncommon Cuman hows of different height offer not only a very special scene but at the same time they are the last habitats of some very rare steppe plants. The vegetation of Kígyós plain is variegated. It is characterized by the total range from the alkali marshland to the barren Puccinellion vegetation. The extended Puccinellion and Artemisio-Festucetum grasslands are typical. In spring an endemic species of the Carpathian basin, the Plantago schwarzenbergiana and the sages, in autumn the Limonium gmelinii and the Aster tripolium and Aster sedifolius dazzle the visitors. After a rainy winter and spring flocks of migrating birds appear on the water surfaces of the inland water recipient areas. The rebirth of nature and the migration of birds can be observed even from the highways. The Montagu's harrier, the redshank, the lapwing, the black-tailed godwit and the yellow wagtail nest here.The park of the Wenckheim mansion is a part of the nature-protected area. The building of the mansion and the establishment of the park were initiated by count Frigyes and countess Krisztina Wenckheim between 1875 and 1879. The plans of the neo-renaissance style mansion were made and the building construction was managed by the famous Hungarian architect Miklós Ybl. Today the mansion is the residence of the Secondary Vocational School of Agriculture and Food Industry. For the demonstration of protected values of the National Park a training path was formed. The training path together with a tour track is 5 kilometres long. The avifauna of the plain can be observed from the watchtower built on the edge of the Nagyerdő. The visitors can walk or cycle along the training path. The stocks of Hungarian grey cattle, domesticated buffalo, racka and cigaja sheep owned by the Körös-Maros National Park are at the animal farm of the Secondary Vocational School of Agriculture and Food Industry.

   
 
2009. 08. 18. Print page
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