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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Cserebökény
Cserebökény
 

The protected area is the external district of towns Szentes and Fábiánsebestyén. Its area is 4538 hectares. In the 18th century this plain was often flooded. On the edge of town Szarvas a small bell-mouth started from the left bank of river Körös. It was called Kákafok. From here the water of floods reached the plain through runnels and fed the swamps. The water flew to two bigger runnels of the swampy area, the Veker- and Kórógy- effluent runnels, from where they reached the river Tisza through the river Kurca. At the time of the river regulation cutting the meanders of river Körös prevented the high floods. By cutting off Kákafok from the river, the annual flooding of the area were stopped that led to the fast drying of marshes. The inhabitants of the small villages emerging in the middle of the 19th century converted the biggest part of the grazelands into plough-lands. The protected area consists of two totally different types of landscapes. Its northern part is not saline and partly preserved the characteristics of the earlier floodplains. On these areas, among the marshes there are dried flood-plain meadows and milfoil grazelands. At the same time in the southern part there are huge saline marshes and meadows. In the rainy years the flood-plain marshes are exchanged by abundant water swamps. Their dominant vegetation is reed and sedge. The sweet-grass is the characteristic plant of these quickly drying marshes. The wetland meadows of the steppe are mostly hayfields covered by meadow-foxtail. These wet meadows are the most significant nesting and hatching places for the birds of wetland areas.The saline milfoil grasslands cover the biggest areas of steppes. Where the people did not convert the grasslands into plough-lands or irrigated grazelands, this plant community covers the place of the former marshlands. The most characteristic plants of these grasslands are the Artemisia santonicum, the Hungarian (saline) statice, the camomile and the saline thick-leaf.The avifauna of Cserebökény is exceptionally valuable. Till now occurrence of 229 species has been proven. From among the strictly protected birds the ferruginous duck, the white stork, the black-winged stilt, the avocet, the barn-owl, the Montague’s harrier, the corn-crake, the sakeret, the lich-owl, the short-eared owl, the stone curlew and the roller nest here. It has got an important role in the migration of birds. The black stork, the marsh sandpiper, the curlew, the whimbrel and the stock dove frequently alight on the fields and in the groves. The bustard can often be seen and on the downy parts of the fields there are a lot of boltholes of gopher.

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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