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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Tatársánc native grassland
Tatársánc native grassland
 

Photo: Sallainé Kapocsi JuditThe ancient communities of the area between the rivers Körös and Maros were the loess grasslands with small patches of plain boscages and groves of maples and oaks. Later, as the grasslands were converted into plough lands, the excellent quality grassland soils disappeared, thus the original vegetation has disappeared, and nowadays it can be seen only on some smaller patches on Cuman hows and confines. The Tatársánc native grassland is such a relict that has survived on the faint patch of a several thousand years old earthen motte. The people living at the end of the bronze age, around the centuries 8-5 BC, built the dyke Nagytatársánc on the edge of village Pusztaföldvár. The double dyke was built on an affluent of river Ancient Maros and was strengthened by a moat as well. The valuable native grassland was discovered by dr. István Kiss, botanist (1930) on the slope of this very rich historical place of Nagytatársánc.The highly protected 1 hectare size native grassland is covered by plant communities of plant species characteristic to the loess grasslands e.g. different varieties of sages, Teucrium chamaedrys, Viola ambigua, Fragaria viridis, Asperula cynanchica, meadow-rhubarb, hare’s foot trefoil and jacobaea (Senecio jacobaea). Some individuals of Transsylvanian adonis also grow on some protected parts of slope of the dyke. One of the most precious plants is the Salvia nutans that lives only in the Southern Tiszántúl in Hungary.

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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